Fourth-Grade English Language Arts (ELA) Standards

fourth-grade-readingYour fourth-grader moves away from learning basic reading and writing and toward a deeper understanding of academics. Fourth-grade students read challenging texts on many different subjects, write longer, more complex assignments. Here are some examples of the skills he or she will practice in fourth-grade English language arts, along with useful questions to ask your son or daughter’s teacher, and strategies for helping him or her learn at home.

Reading Literature and Informational Text

  • Be able to determine and summarize the main idea and vital details of a story, play or informational text.
  • Read complex, challenging texts that build knowledge of subjects including science, history and literature.
  • Understand unfamiliar phrases and words using context clues.


  • Write narratives that include dialogue and detailed descriptions of the characters’ actions and thoughts.
  • Complete independent research projects that address several aspects of a topic and provide evidence to support claims.
  • Write informational or opinion pieces that state a main idea, contain well-organized headings and paragraphs, use facts to back up the theme and end with a logical conclusion.

Speaking and Listening

  • Paraphrase stories from books that are read aloud or presented with audiovisual media.
  • Be able to give an oral report or tell a story that contains details and facts.


Understand and use synonyms and antonyms.

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