Second-Grade English Language Arts (ELA) Standards

second-grade-successSecond-graders will learn how to express themselves clearly in both writing and speech while reading and analyzing increasingly complex text. Here are a few examples of what your child will learn and practice throughout the year, questions to ask his or her teachers and tips for reinforcing academic skills at home.

Reading Literature and Informational Text

  • Use information from an article or story’s words and drawings to answer “who, what, when, where, how and why” questions.
  • Identify the moral of the story after reading or listening to folktales and fables from around the world.


  • Write stories with a beginning, middle and end that include sequential events.
  • Write and revise short sentences to add details or change word order; for example, creating an original sentence reading “The leopard climbed the tree,” then revising it to “The leopard climbed the huge tree” or “The tree was climbed by the leopard.”

Speaking and Listening

  • Be able to recount main ideas and important details after a story is read aloud or information is presented on video.
  • Use complete sentences and clear speech when telling a story or explaining an idea.


  • Gain exposure to new vocabulary words from books, conversations and written work.
  • In written work, use correct punctuation (including commas and apostrophes) and capitalization for people, places and things (Teddy Roosevelt, Grand Canyon, Hanukkah).
Learn More: Click to view related resources.